At the beginning of the instructional design training course or program, one of the topics on the agenda might be different methods and approaches to instructional design. You can also read more about instructional design training courses via https://instructionaldesigncompany.com/
Historically, there are three main instructional design approaches. They are often presented as very different, with little common ground between them. Here is a summary of each:
1. Behaviorism. The behaviorist view of the world is relatively simple: we can teach effectively by having learners practice and give positive rewards for correct answers. Behaviorist learning theory was developed in the early part of the 20th century and was the first modern theory of learning.
2. Cognitivism. The cognitive view of the world is interested in modeling and analyzing the mental structure to help explain human behavior. Cognitive beliefs we learn better when new knowledge is well structured and in context.
3. Constructivism. The constructivist view of the world is that we build our view of the world and, therefore, learn better when we do things for ourselves. Because constructivists believe knowledge is built, it is not contagious, this construction can only be the result of activity due to knowledge anchored in a context where learning occurs.
Interestingly, though, the more you look in detail at each of these approaches, the more you realize there is a lot of overlap between each.
Both cognitive and constructivist experts believe the context makes a huge impact on the effectiveness of learning. Both believe the way an individual models or constructs his/her understanding of something is unique.